Periodontitis or gum disease is one of the most common human diseases. It causes inflammation of the gums and supporting structure of the teeth. If left unchecked, periodontitis can destroy the alveolar bone around the teeth. Galloway Dental employs experts at periodontal disease treatment and prevention.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is also known as gum disease. Bacteria causes this by infecting the gum tissue. Gum disease has three phases:
Plaque is a colorless, sticky film that can form on your teeth when you don’t remove starch and sugar properly. It is a biomass of bacteria, saliva, and left-over food particles. Plaque forms between the teeth, behind the teeth, on the front of the teeth, and along the gum line.
You can treat plaque easily by brushing and flossing after every meal. Regular visits to your dentists are critical as well. If left untreated, however, plaque turns into tartar, a brown or pale-yellow film which is harder than plaque. You can only remove tartar with a professional dental cleaning.
Gingivitis progresses to periodontitis when the bacterial infection causes the gums to pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These pockets collect food debris and become infected.
Poisons created by the bacteria as well as the enzymes in your own saliva start to break down the bone and other connective tissue holding the teeth in place. Over time, the teeth will become loose.
If left unchecked, gum disease can progress to the point where tooth loss can result. The signs of periodontitis include:
- Swollen, tender gums
- Bleeding of the gums during brushing
- Gums that recede from the teeth
- Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
- Loose teeth
- Pus surrounding the teeth or gums
Although periodontitis disease is very prevalent, you can treat the early stages easily, with regular brushing, flossing, and visits to a periodontist in Mesquite, TX.
Periodontal Disease Treatment
The best periodontal disease treatment is prevention. You can remove plaque by brushing, flossing, and regular visits to the dentist. Likewise, you can remove tartar with professional teeth cleanings. More advanced options for periodontal disease treatment in Mesquite, TX are:
- Scaling and root planing (SRP) – A dentist or dental hygienist uses a tool and a mirror to scrape away the tartar and plaque from the teeth and root surfaces (scaling). Next, the dentist smooths down the surface near the roots, to prevent bacteria from gaining a foothold again. This may take more than one visit. Afterward, this should permit the gums to heal and reattach themselves to the teeth
- Pocket reduction treatment – After scaling and root planing, pocket reduction treatment may be necessary if the gums are not reattaching correctly. With pocket reduction treatment, the dentist will peel back the gums, remove harmful bacteria, the smooth damaged bone and allow the gum tissue to reattach to the healthy tooth surface
- Gum grafts – To cover exposed roots, gum material can be taken from the palate or other surfaces and grafted onto the gum
- Bone grafting – A surgical procedure that promotes bone growth in areas gum disease has destroyed
Finding the Right Treatment for You
Once periodontitis has been treated, it is imperative that good dental hygiene is maintained with regular brushing, flossing, and visits to the dentist. In addition, you should give up tobacco products and drink alcohol in moderation.
Visit us or call us at 469.273.1376 today for periodontal disease treatment in Mesquite, TX to talk to us about your dental health. We are experts at general and pediatric dentistry as well as restorative dentistry.